WordPress.org

Ready to get started?Download WordPress

Codex

Attention Interested in functions, hooks, classes, or methods? Check out the new WordPress Code Reference!

Appearance Menus Screen

Appearance → Menus

The Appearance Menus Screen enables a user to create custom navigation menu in place of a theme’s default menu. Support for this feature must be registered in the theme's functions.php file. The WordPress Menu User Guide describes the details of adding, deleting, and maintaining menus.

Appearance Menus Screen

Screen Options

The Screen Options allow you to choose which modules are displayed, or not displayed, in the underlying Screen. Clicking on the Screen Options tab shows a list of the possible modules and options with a check-box next to each. Check the box for each module or option you want displayed, or uncheck the box to not display that module. Click the Screen Options tab again to close the Screen Options.

Certain modules, like Posts are hidden by default.

Expanding, Collapsing, and Rearranging, Modules

The modules, such as Posts, can be expanded, or collapsed, by clicking on the module title bar.

In addition, those modules can be moved by hovering the mouse cursor over the module title bar, when the mouse cursor changes to 4-arrows, hold the left-mouse button down, drag the module to where you want to place it, then release the mouse button (this is called drag-and-drop).

Create a Menu

To create a new custom menu, click the "create a new menu" link, give the menu a name, and click Save Menu button.

Note: If the current theme does not support menus, the message, "The current theme does not natively support menus, but you can use the “Custom Menu” widget to add any menus you create here to the theme’s sidebar." will display informing you that widgets can be used to put custom menus in a sidebar.

You can create multiple menus. If your theme includes support for more than one menu, you can choose which custom menu to associate with each. You can also use custom menus in conjunction with the Custom Menus widget.

Once a menu is created these options are available:

Automatically add new top-level pages 
Check this box so that anytime a new top-level Page is created, that Page will automatically be added to the menu
Theme Locations 
If more than one menu is supported, you can select where this menu should go.
Delete Menu 
Click this link to delete the menu. Deleting also deletes the menu items.
Save menu 
Click this button to save the menu.

Add Menu Items

After a menu is created, then detail items can be added to the menu. Choose items like custom links, pages, and categories, from the left column to add to the menu. If you have created custom post types or custom taxonomies those too can be added to menus. If you don't see your custom post types or taxonomies, look under the Screen Options to make sure they are checked to be Show on Screen.

After items have been added to a menu, drag and drop to put them in the order you want. You can also click each item to reveal additional configuration options. You can also drag a menu item a little to the right to make it a submenu, to create menus with hierarchy. You'll see when the position of the drop target shifts over to portray the nested placement. When you have finished building your custom menu, make sure you click the Save Menu button.

You can specify a different navigation label for a menu item as well as other attributes. You can create multiple menus. If your theme includes more than one menu, you can choose which custom menu to associate with each. You can also use custom menus in conjunction with the Custom Menus widget.

This screenshot shows an example of the About Menu Item displayed in a hierarchy under the Home Menu Item.

Appearance Menus - Maintaining a Menu


Theme Locations

Theme locations allow the definition of the placement of your menu. The WordPress Twenty Fifteen theme supports two menu locations. For themes that only support one menu the message 'Your theme supports 1 menu. Select which menu you would like to use. displays. (If you have added support for more navigation menus in your theme, you will see more pull-down location options)

Location 
From the pull down box, select the menu that will be presented in the location such as Primary Location
Save 
Click to save the location selection.

Custom Links

Custom links allow links defined by you that don't fit into the other types of menu items.

URL
Enter the URL of the custom link.
Label
Enter the label describing the custom link URL.
Add to Menu
Click this button to add this as a Custom item to the menu.

Once added to the menu, the item will display to the right with the label, the word Custom and a configuration arrow that can be used to change the URL or Label as well as Remove the custom link from the menu.

Posts

Links to specific posts can be added to the menu. Three tabs, Most Recent, View All, and Search, determines what posts are displayed for selection as a menu item.

Checkbox
Check the box next to the item to add to the menu.
Select All
Cause the Checkbox to be checked on all items. If you click this link again, all items will be unchecked.
Add to Menu
Click this button to add the selected items to the menu.

Pages

Links to specific pages can be added to the menu. Three tabs, Most Recent, View All, and Search, determines what posts are displayed for selection as a menu item. When the View All tab is displayed, a Home choice, while not an actual page, also becomes available to add to the menu. The Checkbox, Select All, and Add to Menu options, describe in the Posts section, are also displayed in this module.

Categories

Categories can also be added to the menu. Three tabs, Most Recent, View All, and Search, determines what categories are displayed for selection as a menu item. The list of categories to select from do not display with any hierarchy, though that may be subject to change in future versions of WordPress. The Checkbox, Select All, and Add to Menu options, describe in the Posts section, are also displayed in this module.

Post Tags

Post Tags can also be added to menus. Three tabs, Most Recent, View All, and Search, determines what categories are displayed for selection as a menu item. The Checkbox, Select All, and Add to Menu options, describe in the Posts section, are also displayed in this module.

Custom Post Types and Taxonomies

If you have added custom post types and taxonomies, those types will also be available to add as menu items. If you don't see your custom post types or taxonomies, check the Screen Options to ensure those modules are set to display. The options under each of the custom post type and taxonomy modules correspond to those used for Posts, Pages, Categories, and Post Tags.

Rearranging, Configuring, and Deleting Menu Items

Once an item is added to a menu, those menu items can be rearranged. Placing the mouse cursor over the menu item title, when the mouse cursor changes to 4-arrows, hold the left-mouse button down, drag the module to where you want to place it, then release the mouse button (this is called drag-and-drop). Remember you can drag a menu item slightly to the right of the menu item above it to create a hierarchy (parent/child) relationship in the menu.

Each Menu Item has a configuration arrow on the right side of the Menu Item title, that when clicked opens the configuration box. Click the arrow a second time closed the configuration box. If you don't see Link Target, CSS Classes, Link Relationship (XFN), and Description, then under Screen Options make sure those boxes are checked to expose them here.

Then configuration choices are:

Navigation Label 
The label for this particular menu item
Title Attribute 
The attribute used when displaying the label
Link Target 
Select "Same window or tab" or "New window or tab" from the pulldown.
CSS Classes 
Optional CSS Classes for this menu item
Link Relationship (XFN) 
Allows for the generation of XFN attributes automatically so you can show how you are related to the authors/owners of site to which you are linking. See Link Relationship for details.
Description 
Description for this link. The description will be displayed in the menu if the current theme supports it.
Original 
A link to the original source of the menu item (e.g. a link to view the post or page).
Remove 
Remove this menu item from the menu.
Cancel 
Cancel the configuration of the menu item and

Adding Menu Support to Themes

The WordPress Twenty Fifteen theme supports navigation Menus. If your theme does not support the custom menu feature, you can do it yourself by adding the appropriate code to your theme's function.php file. To implement Menus for a theme see:

Changelog

  • 3.0 : New Screen
See also Administration Screens and Network Admin.