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User:Ipstenu/Giving WordPress Its Own Directory

Many people want WordPress to power their site's root (e.g. http://example.com) but they don't want all of the WordPress files cluttering up their root directory. WordPress allows you to install the WordPress files to a subdirectory, but have your blog exist in the site root.

WARNING: Multisite Users - Please Read

This process is not applicable to and does not work if you have enabled MultiSite.

Moving a Root install to it's own directory

The process to move WordPress into its own directory is as follows:

  1. Create the new location for the core WordPress files to be stored (we will use /wordpress in our examples). (On linux, use mkdir wordpress from your www directory. You'll probably want to use "chown apache:apache" on the wordpress directory you created.)
  2. Go to the General panel.
  3. In the box for WordPress address (URL): change the address to the new location of your main WordPress core files. Example: http://example.com/wordpress
  4. In the box for Site address (URL): change the address to the root directory's URL. Example: http://example.com
  5. Click Save Changes. (Do not worry about the error message and do not try to see your blog at this point! You will probably get a message about file not found.)
  6. Move your WordPress core files to the new location (WordPress address).
  7. Copy (NOT MOVE!) the index.php and .htaccess files from the WordPress directory into the root directory of your site (Blog address). The .htaccess file is invisible, so you may have to set your FTP client to show hidden files. If you are not using pretty permalinks, then you may not have a .htaccess file. If you are running WordPress on a Windows (IIS) server and are using pretty permalinks, you'll have a web.config rather than a .htaccess file in your WordPress directory. As stated above, copy (don't move) the index.php file to your root directory, but MOVE (DON'T COPY) the web.config file to your root directory.
  8. Open your root directory's index.php file in a text editor
  9. Change the following and save the file. Change the line that says:
    require('./wp-blog-header.php');
    to the following, using your directory name for the WordPress core files:
    require('./wordpress/wp-blog-header.php');
  10. Login to the new location. It might now be http://example.com/wordpress/wp-admin/
  11. If you have set up Permalinks, go to the Permalinks panel and update your Permalink structure. WordPress will automatically update your .htaccess file if it has the appropriate file permissions. If WordPress can't write to your .htaccess file, it will display the new rewrite rules to you, which you should manually copy into your .htaccess file (in the same directory as the main index.php file.)

Using a pre-existing subfolder install

If you already have WordPress installed in its own folder (i.e. http://example.com/wordpress) then the steps are as follows:

  1. Go to the General panel.
  2. In the box for Site address (URL): change the address to the root directory's URL. Example: http://example.com
  3. Click Save Changes. (Do not worry about the error message and do not try to see your blog at this point! You will probably get a message about file not found.)
  4. Copy (NOT MOVE!) the index.php and .htaccess files from the WordPress directory into the root directory of your site (Blog address). The .htaccess file is invisible, so you may have to set your FTP client to show hidden files. If you are not using pretty permalinks, then you may not have a .htaccess file. If you are running WordPress on a Windows (IIS) server and are using pretty permalinks, you'll have a web.config rather than a .htaccess file in your WordPress directory. As stated above, copy (don't move) the index.php file to your root directory, but MOVE (DON'T COPY) the web.config file to your root directory.
  5. Open your root directory's index.php file in a text editor
  6. Change the following and save the file. Change the line that says:
    require('./wp-blog-header.php');
    to the following, using your directory name for the WordPress core files:
    require('./wordpress/wp-blog-header.php');
  7. Login to the new location. It might now be http://example.com/wordpress/wp-admin/
  8. If you have set up Permalinks, go to the Permalinks panel and update your Permalink structure. WordPress will automatically update your .htaccess file if it has the appropriate file permissions. If WordPress can't write to your .htaccess file, it will display the new rewrite rules to you, which you should manually copy into your .htaccess file (in the same directory as the main index.php file.)

Clean SVN checkouts

See Installing_WordPress_With_Clean_Subversion_Repositories.

WordPress MU

Please note, this procedure will not work in WordPress MU or in WordPress 3.0 with multisite enabled. It interferes with the member blog lookup.