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ko:Installing WordPress

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WordPress is well known for its ease of installation. Under most circumstances installing WordPress is a very simple process and takes less than five minutes to complete. Many web hosts now offer tools (e.g. Fantastico) to automatically install WordPress for you. However, if you wish to install WordPress yourself, the following guide will help. Now with Automatic Upgrade, upgrading is even easier.

The following installation guide will help you, whether you go for the Famous 5 Minute Installation, or require the more detailed installation guide.

워드프레스를 설치하게 전에 알아야할 것들

설치하기전, 몇가지 확인사항.

귀하의 사이트와 그 디렉토리, 설치를 하는 소프트웨어에 대한 액세스 권한이 필요합니다. 그것들은 다음과 같습니다:

워드프레스를 설치하기 전에 해야할 것들

다음과 같이 설치하면 편합니다:

  1. 워드프레스를 실행하기위한 최소 요구 사항이 당신의 서버 또는 웹호스팅에서 지원하고 있는지 확인합니다.
  2. 워드프레스 최신버전 다운로드 합니다.
  3. 하드디스크 드라이브의 폴더에 다운로드한 압축파일을 풉니다.
  4. 당신만의 비밀번호를 생각해 둡니다.
  5. 편리한 설치를 위해 관련 문서들을 인쇄해 둡니다.

그 유명한 5분만에 설치하기

이 문서는 이미 이러한 설치에 익숙하신 분들을 위한 빨리빨리설치 버전입니다. 보다 상세한 내용은 자세한 지침서 를 봐주세요.

If you are not comfortable with renaming files, Steps 3 and 4 are optional and you can skip them as the install program will create wp-config.php file.

  1. 아직도 안받았나요? 워드프레스 패키지를 다운로드하여 압축을 풉니다.
  2. 웹 서버에 워드프레스를 사용하기 위한 데이터베이스 설치는 물론, 그것을 액세스하고 수정하기위한 모든 권한을 가진 MySQL 사용자를 만듭니다.
  3. wp-config-sample.php 파일을 wp-config.php 로 이름을 바꿉니다.
  4. WP-config.php 파일을 텍스트 편집기로 열고, 비밀번호를 생성하고 사용하는 wp-config.php 편집에 설명된 데이터베이스 세부사항을 따라 편집하십시오.
  5. 웹 서버의 원하는 위치에 워드프레스 파일을 업로드 하십시오.:
    • If you want to integrate WordPress into the root of your domain (e.g. http://example.com/), move or upload all contents of the unzipped WordPress directory (but excluding the directory itself) into the root directory of your web server.
    • If you want to have your WordPress installation in its own subdirectory on your web site (e.g. http://example.com/blog/), create the blog directory on your server and upload WordPress to the directory via FTP.
  6. 웹 브라우저에서 wp-admin/install.php 에 접속하여 워드프레스 설치 스크립트를 실행합니다.
    • 루트 디렉토리에 워드프레스를 설치한 경우, 이렇게 접속해 주세요. : http://example.com/wp-admin/install.php
    • 서브 디렉토리, 소위 blog에 워드프레스를 설치한 경우, 이렇게 접속해 주세요. 예를 들면 http://example.com/blog/wp-admin/install.php</ TT>

됐습니다! 이제 워드프레스는 정상적으로 설치됩니다.

자세한 지침서

1 단계: 다운로드와 압축풀기

다음 주소에서 워드프레스 패키지를 다운로드 하여 압축을 풉니다. http://wordpress.org/download/.

  • 외부 웹 서버에 워드프레스를 업로드하려고 하면, 워드프레스 패키지를 웹브라우저로 다운로드 받은 후 패키지 압축을 풀어야 합니다.
  • 만약 FTP를 사용이 가능하면 서버에 접속해서 FTP를 이용하여 워드프레스 패키지를 다운로드 하면 됩니다.
  • 만약 shell을 사용할 수 있거나, 바로 웹 서버에 접속해서, 콘솔 기반으로 작업하는 것이 편하다면, FTPing 대신 <tt>wget, lynx를 이용하거나 다른 콘솔 기반 웹 브라우저 유틸리티를 이용해서 web server에 워드프레스를 바로 다운로드 할 수 있습니다.
    • wget http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz
    • unzip 패키지 사용법:
      tar -xzvf latest.tar.gz

      워드프레스 패키지는 latest.tar.gz를 다운로드 받은 디렉토리에 wordpress라는 이름으로 압축이 풀립니다.
  • 만약 웹 서버에 shell로 접속이 안 되거나 콘솔 기반 도구를 사용하는 것에 익숙하지 않다면 ZipDeploy를 이용해서 web server 에 워드프레스를 바로 설치할 수도 있습니다.

2 단계: 데이터베이스와 사용자 만들기

만약 당신이 hosting provider 에서 제공하는 호스팅을 이용하고 있다면, 이미 WordPress 데이터베이스가 설치되어 있거나, 또는 자동화된 설치법이 제공될 것입니다. 직접 데이터베이스를 생성해야 하는지 여부를 알아보기 위해서는, 현재 이용중인 호스팅 서비스의 고객지원 페이지, 또는 당신의 control panel 를 확인하세요.

만약 새로운 데이터베이스를 생성하기로 결정했다면, accessing phpMyAdmin on various servers 를 통한 설치방법, 또는 Using cPanel 를 통한 설치방법, 또는 아래의 Using phpMyAdmin 를 참고하세요.

만약 WordPress를 당신 소유의 웹서버에 설치하는 경우, Using phpMyAdmin 또는 Using the MySQL Client 에 있는 설치방법에 따라 당신의 WordPress 데이터베이스와 사용자명을 생성하세요.

만약 데이터베이스가 하나만 있고 이미 사용중인 경우에도, WordPress를 같은 데이터베이스에 설치할 수 있습니다 - 그러나 기존에 있던 데이터베이스 테이블을 덮어쓰는 일을 막기 위해서는 반드시 새로운 prefix를 사용해야 합니다.

cPanel 을 사용할 경우

If your hosting provider supplies the cPanel hosting control panel, you may follow these simple instructions to create your WordPress username and database. A more complete set of instructions for using cPanel to create the database and user can be found in Using cPanel.

  1. Log in to your cPanel.
  2. Click MySQL Database Wizard icon under the Databases section.
  3. In Step 1. Create a Database enter the database name and click Next Step.
  4. In Step 2. Create Database Users enter the database user name and the password. Make sure to use a strong password. Click Create User.
  5. In Step 3. Add User to Database click the All Privileges checkbox and click Next Step.
  6. In Step 4. Complete the task note the database name and user. Write down the values of hostname, username, databasename, and the password you chose. (Note that hostname will usually be localhost.)

Using Lunarpages.com's custom cPanel (LPCP)

Lunarpages has developed their own version of cPanel.

  1. Log in to your account.
  2. Go to Control Panel.
  3. Click on the button on the left panel labeled 'Go to LPCP'.
  4. Go to MySQL Manager.
  5. Add the user name and database name but leave the host name as the default IP number.
  6. Note the IP address of the database on the right which is different from the default IP number of the host indicated in the above step.
  7. When modifying the WP-CONFIG.PHP file, use the DB IP number, not 'LOCALHOST'.
  8. When modifying the WP-CONFIG.PHP file, be sure to use the full name of the database and user name, typically 'accountname_nameyoucreated'.
  9. Refer to http://wiki.lunarpages.com/Create_and_Delete_MySQL_Users_in_LPCP for more info.

phpMyAdmin 을 사용할 경우

If your web server has phpMyAdmin installed, you may follow these instructions to create your WordPress username and database.

Note: These instructions are written for phpMyAdmin 2.6.0; the phpMyAdmin user interface can vary slightly between versions.

  1. If a database relating to WordPress does not already exist in the Database dropdown on the left, create one:
    1. Choose a name for your WordPress database ('wordpress' or 'blog' are good), enter it in the Create new database field, and click Create.
  2. Click the Home icon in the upper left to return to the main page, then click Privileges. If a user relating to WordPress does not already exist in the list of users, create one:
    1. Click Add a new User.
    2. Chose a username for WordPress ('wordpress' is good) and enter it in the User name field. (Be sure Use text field: is selected from the dropdown.)
    3. Choose a difficult-to-guess password (ideally containing a combination of upper- and lower-case letters, numbers, and symbols), and enter it in the Password field. (Be sure Use text field: is selected from the dropdown.) Re-enter the password in the Re-type field.
    4. Write down the username and password you chose.
    5. Leave all options under Global privileges at their defaults.
    6. Click Go.
  3. Return to the Privileges screen and click the Check privileges icon on the user you've just created for WordPress. In the Database-specific privileges section, select the database you've just created for WordPress under the Add privileges to the following database dropdown. The page will refresh with privileges for that database. Click Check All to select all privileges, and click Go.
  4. On the resulting page, make note of the host name listed after Server: at the top of the page. (This will usually be localhost.)

MySQL 클라이언트를 사용할 경우

You can create MySQL users and databases quickly and easily by running mysql from the shell. The syntax is shown below and the dollar sign is the command prompt:

$ mysql -u adminusername -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 5340 to server version: 3.23.54
 
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.
 
mysql> CREATE DATABASE databasename;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
 
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON databasename.* TO "wordpressusername"@"hostname"
    -> IDENTIFIED BY "password";
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
  
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> EXIT
Bye
$ 

The example shows:

  • that root is also the adminusername. It is a safer practice to choose a so-called "mortal" account as your mysql admin, so that you are not entering the command "mysql" as the root user on your system. (Any time you can avoid doing work as root you decrease your chance of being exploited). The name you use depends on the name you assigned as the database administrator using mysqladmin.
  • wordpress or blog are good values for databasename.
  • wordpress is a good value for wordpressusername but you should realize that, since it is used here, the entire world will know it too.
  • hostname will usually be localhost. If you don't know what this value should be, check with your system administrator if you are not the admin for your Wordpress host. If you are the system admin, consider using a non-root account to administer your database.
  • password should be a difficult-to-guess password, ideally containing a combination of upper- and lower-case letters, numbers, and symbols. One good way of avoiding the use of a word found in a dictionary, uses the first letter of each word in a phrase that you find easy to remember.

If you need to write these values somewhere, avoid writing them in the system that contains the things protected by them. You need to remember the value used for databasename, wordpressusername, hostname, and password. Of course, since they are already in (or will be, shortly) your wp-config.php file, there is no need to put them somewhere else, too.

Plesk 를 사용할 경우

See: Plesk 7 at tamba2.org

DirectAdmin 을 사용할 경우

a. Regular "User" of a single-site webhosting account logs in normally. Then click "MySQL Management." (If this is not readily visible, perhaps your host needs to modify your "package" to activate MySQL.) Then follow part "c" below.

b. "Reseller" accounts or "Admin" accounts may need to click "User Level." They also must first log-in as "Reseller" if the relevant domain is a Reseller's primary domain... or log-in as a "User" if the domain is not a Reseller's primary domain. If a Reseller's primary domain, then when logged-in as Reseller, you simply click "User Level." However if the relevant domain is not the Reseller's primary domain, then you must log-in as the relevant User. Then click "MySQL Management." (If not readily visible, perhaps you need to return to the Reseller or Admin level, and modify the "Manage user package" or "Manage Reseller package" to enable MySQL.)

c. In "MySQL Management," click on the small words: "Create new database." Here you are asked to submit two suffixes for the database and its username. For maximum security, use two different sets of 4-6 random characters. Then the password field has a "Random" button that generates an 8-character password. You may also add more characters to the password for maximum security. "Create." The next screen will summarize the database, username, password and hostname. Be sure to copy and paste these into a text file for future reference.

3 단계 : wp-config.php 파일 설정하기

You can either create and edit the wp-config.php file yourself, or you can skip this step and let WordPress try to do this itself when you run the installation script (step 5) (you'll still need to tell WordPress your database information).

(For more extensive details, and step by step instructions for creating the configuration file and your secret key for password security, please see Editing wp-config.php.)

Return to where you extracted the WordPress package in Step 1, rename the file wp-config-sample.php to wp-config.php, and open it in a text editor.

Enter your database information under the section labeled

 // ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** //
DB_NAME 
The name of the database you created for WordPress in Step 2 .
DB_USER 
The username you created for WordPress in Step 2.
DB_PASSWORD 
The password you chose for the WordPress username in Step 2.
DB_HOST 
The hostname you determined in Step 2 (usually localhost, but not always; see some possible DB_HOST values). If a port, socket, or pipe is necessary, append a colon (:) and then the relevant information to the hostname.
DB_CHARSET 
The database character set, normally should not be changed (see Editing wp-config.php).
DB_COLLATE 
The database collation should normally be left blank (see Editing wp-config.php).

Enter your secret key values under the section labeled

  * Authentication Unique Keys.

Save the wp-config.php file.

For information on enabling SSL in WordPress 2.6, see SSL and Cookies in WordPress 2.6.

4 단계 : 파일 업로드하기

Now you will need to decide where on your domain you'd like your WordPress-powered site to appear:

  • In the root directory of your web site. (For example, http://example.com/)
  • In a subdirectory of your web site. (For example, http://example.com/blog/)

Note: The location of your root web directory in the filesystem on your web server will vary across hosting providers and operating systems. Check with your hosting provider or system administrator if you do not know where this is.

In the Root Directory

  • If you need to upload your files to your web server, use an FTP client to upload all the contents of the wordpress directory (but not the directory itself) into the root directory of your web site.
  • If your files are already on your web server, and you are using shell access to install WordPress, move all of the contents of the wordpress directory (but not the directory itself) into the root directory of your web site.

In a Subdirectory

  • If you need to upload your files to your web server, rename the wordpress directory to your desired name, then use an FTP client to upload the directory to your desired location within the root directory of your web site.
  • If your files are already on your web server, and you are using shell access to install WordPress, move the wordpress directory to your desired location within the root directory of your web site, and rename the directory to your desired name.

Step 5: Run the Install Script

Point a web browser to start the installation script.

  • If you placed the WordPress files in the root directory, you should visit: http://example.com/wp-admin/install.php
  • If you placed the WordPress files in a subdirectory called blog, for example, you should visit: http://example.com/blog/wp-admin/install.php

Setup configuration file

If WordPress can't find the wp-config.php file, it will tell you and offer to try to create and edit the file itself. (You can do also do this directly by loading wp-admin/setup-config.php in your web browser.) WordPress will ask you the database details and write them to a new wp-config.php file. If this works, you can go ahead with the installation; otherwise, go back and create, edit, and upload the wp-config.php file yourself (step 3).

Enter database information

Finishing installation

The following screenshots show how the installation progresses. Notice in Entering the details screen, you enter your site title, your desired user name, your choice of a password (twice) and your e-mail address. Also displayed is a check-box asking if you would like your blog to appear in search engines like Google and Technorati. Leave the box checked if you would like your blog to be visible to everyone, including search engines, and uncheck the box if you want to block search engines, but allow normal visitors. Note all this information can be changed later in your Administration Panels.

Version 3.0

Enter site, login, and email
All done!

Install Script Troubleshooting

  • If you get an error about the database when you run the install script:
    • Go back to Step 2 and Step 3, and be sure you got all the correct database information and that it was entered correctly into wp-config.php.
    • Be sure you granted your WordPress user permission to access your WordPress database in Step 3.
    • Be sure the database server is running.

Common Installation Problems

The following are some of the most common installation problems. For more information and troubleshooting for problems with your WordPress installation, check out FAQ Installation and FAQ Troubleshooting.

I see a directory listing rather than a web page.

The web server needs to be told to view index.php by default. In Apache, use the DirectoryIndex index.php directive. The simplest option is to create a file named .htaccess in the installed directory and place the directive there. Another option is to add the directive to the web server's configuration files.

I see lots of Headers already sent errors. How do I fix this?

You probably introduced a syntax error in editing wp-config.php.

  1. Download wp-config.php (if you don't have shell access).
  2. Open it in a text editor.
  3. Check that the first line contains nothing but <?php, and that there is no text before it (not even whitespace).
  4. Check that the last line contains nothing but ?>, and that there is no text after it (not even whitespace).
  5. If your text editor saves as Unicode, make sure it adds no byte order mark (BOM). Most Unicode-enabled text editors do not inform the user whether it adds a BOM to files; if so, try using a different text editor.
  6. Save the file, upload it again if necessary, and reload the page in your browser.

My page comes out gibberish. When I look at the source I see a lot of "<?php ?>" tags.

If the <?php ?> tags are being sent to the browser, it means your PHP is not working properly. All PHP code is supposed to be executed before the server sends the resulting HTML to your web browser. (That's why it's called a preprocessor.) Make sure your web server meets the requirements to run WordPress, that PHP is installed and configured properly, or contact your hosting provider or system administrator for assistance.

I keep getting an Error connecting to database message but I'm sure my configuration is correct.

Try resetting your MySQL password manually. If you have access to MySQL via shell, try issuing:

SET PASSWORD FOR 'wordpressusername'@'hostname' = OLD_PASSWORD('password');

If you are using a version of MySQL prior to 4.1, use PASSWORD instead of OLD_PASSWORD. If you do not have shell access, you should be able to simply enter the above into an SQL query in phpMyAdmin. Failing that, you may need to use your host's control panel to reset the password for your database user.

My image/MP3 uploads aren't working.

If you use the Rich Text Editor on a blog that's installed in a subdirectory, and drag a newly uploaded image into the editor field, the image may vanish a couple seconds later. This is due to a problem with TinyMCE (the rich text editor) not getting enough information during the drag operation to construct the path to the image or other file correctly. The solution is to NOT drag uploaded images into the editor. Instead, click and hold on the image and select "Send to Editor."

자동 설치 툴

Although WordPress is very easy to install, you can use one of the one-click autoinstallers typically available from hosting companies. Four of those autoinstallers, (mt) Media Temple 1-Click Tool, Fantastico, Installatron, and Softaculous are described here.

(미템) 미디어 템플 원클릭 툴

  1. Log into your AccountCenter at https://ac.mediatemple.net and choose the primary domain of your (gs) Grid-Service.
  2. Click on "1-Click Applications", then click "Add New Application".
  3. Click the "Start" button for WordPress.

4. Input various setup details and click "Install".
5. Then click on "Finish" and your Wordpress installation is complete!

판타스티코

  1. Login to your cPanel account and click on the Fantastico (or Fantastico Deluxe) option
  2. Once you enter Fantastico on the left hand side there is a 'Blogs' Category under which WordPress is there. Click on it.
  3. Click on the 'New Installation' Link in the WordPress Overview
  4. Fill in the various details and Submit.
  5. That's it you are done!

File:fant.jpg

인스탈라트론

Installatron is a popular automation company that provides multiple methods to automatically install and upgrade WordPress. Most commonly, Installatron is available through web hosting provider's control panel software. Installatron also provides a tool on its website that enables WordPress to be installed to any website using the website's FTP information.

To install WordPress through your web hosting provider's control panel:

  1. Login to your web host's control panel, navigate to "Installatron", click "WordPress", and choose the "Install this application" option.
  2. After customizing the WordPress install by editing any of the prompts, click the "Install" button.
  3. That's it! WordPress will be installed within a few seconds to your website.

To install using your FTP account information on Installatron.com:

  1. Navigate to WordPress @ Installatron and choose the "Install this application" option.
  2. Enter your hosting account's FTP and MySQL database information. For increased security, create a separate FTP account and MySQL database for your WordPress installation. Once this information is entered, click "Install".
  3. That's it! You will be redirect to a progress page where you can watch as WordPress is installed within a few seconds to your website.

소프타큘러스

  1. Login to your host and look for Software/Services
  2. In Softaculous there is a 'Blogs' Category. Collapse the category and WordPress will be there. Click on it.
  3. You will see an 'Install' TAB. Click it.
  4. Fill in the various details and Submit.
  5. That's it, you are done!

File:soft.jpg

영어아닌 다른 언어로 설치하기

다른 언어로 설치하는 방법은 WordPress in Your Language 를 참고하세요.

다중 블로그 설치하기

다중 블로그 설치에 관한 자세한 정보가 Installing Multiple Blogs 에 있습니다.

내컴퓨터에 워드프레스 설치하기

로컬 설치 지침서

Use these instruction for setting up a local server environment for testing and development.

Software Appliance - Ready-to-Use

You may find that using a pre-integrated software appliance is a great way to get up and running with WordPress, especially in combination with virtual machine software (e.g., VMWare, VirtualBox, Xen HVM, KVM).

A software appliance allows users to altogether skip manual installation of WordPress and its dependencies, and instead deploy a self-contained system that requires little to no setup, in just a couple of minutes.

  • TurnKey WordPress Appliance: a free Ubuntu-based appliance that just works. It bundles a collection of popular WordPress plugins and features a small footprint, automatic security updates, SSL support and a Web administration interface.
  • BitNami WordPress Appliance: free WordPress appliances based on Ubuntu or Open Suse. Native installer and Cloud images also available. There are also virtual machines for WordPress Multisite already configured.
  • UShareSoft WordPress Appliance: free WordPress appliance for many of the major virtualization and cloud platforms (Cloud.com, Xen, VMware, OVF, Abiquo)

윈도우에서 워드프레스 5분만에 설치하기

Download, install, and configure WordPress with the Microsoft Web Platform Installer (Web PI). Installation is very easy and takes on average about 5 minutes to complete. For other Windows installers, check this section

1 단계. Things you need to know before starting.
  1. These steps will work on Windows versions which include IIS, such as Windows XP professional, Windows Vista, Windows 7 and Windows Server.
  2. You must be able to install programs on your machine (i.e. have administrator rights).
2 단계. Navigate to the WordPress Installation Page
  1. Choose the "Install" button.
  2. If you have Web PI already installed, it will automatically be launched and you can skip to the next step.
  3. If you do not have the Web Platform Installer, you will be prompted to install it.
  4. Web PI is a tool from Microsoft that downloads and installs the latest components you need to develop or host Web applications on Windows. Everything in the tool is free. Web PI will install and configure IIS, PHP, MySQL and anything else you may need.
3 단계. Choose to Install WordPress
  1. When Web PI launches, you will see an information page for WordPress. Start installing WordPress by pressing the "Install" button in the lower right hand corner.
4 단계. Installation of WordPress and its requirements
  1. Finding Dependencies: Web PI will determine the minimum set of components and modules you need on your machine to run WordPress. It will only install what you’re missing. For example, PHP will be installed and configured to run WordPress.
  2. Configure the Database: After accepting the terms, if you need to install MySQL, you will be asked to create a password for the root account database account. Keep this password safe. WordPress will ask for this information later.
  3. Choose the site: Choose a site to install WordPress to. You may install to an existing Web site in IIS or create a new site. Use the default setting if you do not have advanced configuration needs.
  4. WordPress Setup: WordPress will need answers to a few specific questions such as the username (in the case of a new MySQL install is root) and password for your MySQL database to complete the install.
5 단계. Completion
  1. Once you enter the WordPress setup information, Web PI will finish the installation.
  2. Click, Launch in Browser and WordPress will launch.

Alternatively, the BitNami WordPress installer is a free, self-contained native installer for WordPress that includes Apache, MySQL and PHP so it works out of the box.

WAMP

당신의 컴퓨터에 IIS가 없거나 IIS 사용을 원치 않으면, WAMP를 설치할 수 있습니다. WAMP Server, 또는 WAMP Server at SourceForge, 또는 BitNami WAMPStack 에서 무료로 다운로드하여 웹사이트 운영환경을 구축할 수 있습니다. WAMP를 다운로드하고 설치한 뒤에, 웹브라우저로 localhost 에 접속하고 phpmyadmin 링크를 클릭해서 새로운 데이터베이스를 생성하세요.

그런 뒤, WordPress를 설치하기 위해, zip 파일을 다운로드하고, 설치된 WAMP의 웹 디렉토리에 압축을 푸세요 (일반적으로는 c:\wamp\www 입니다). 마지막으로 웹브라우저에서 http://localhost/wordpress 에 접속해서 WordPress 설치를 시작하세요 (c:\wamp\www\wordpress 에 압축을 풀었다고 가정하고).