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fr:User Levels

Page d'accueil du Codex en français - Télécharger WordPress en français
Les utilisateurs francophones se retrouvent sur le site WordPress-Francophone, notamment sur son forum d'entraide.

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This article, written to accord with WordPress 1.5, is now obsolete. Please take caution when following its contents, as many things may have changed.

Note: Les Niveaux d'Utilisateurs décrits dans cet article ont été remplacés dans WordPress 2.0 par Roles and Capabilities.

Le système de "Niveau d'utilisateur" de WordPress est fait pour donner au responsable du blog la possibilité de contrôler et de choisir ce que peut ou ne peut faire chaque utilisateur. Le responsable doit gérer l'accès des utilisateurs aux fonctions comme writing and editing Posts, creating Pages, defining Links, creating Categories, moderating Comments, managing Plugins, managing Themes, et managing other users. L'outil qui permet au responsable du blog de définir ces autorisations est le "Niveau d'Utilisateur"; et cet article explique ces Niveaux d'Utilisateur.

Niveaux et Utilisateur pour la Version 1.5 de WordPress

Les Niveaux d'Utilisateur de Wordpress sont compris entre 0 et 10. Le niveau 0 est niveau le plus bas et le niveau 10 est le niveau le plus élevé--ce qui veut dire que le niveau 10 est le niveau qui peut tout faire. Généralement, un niveau d'utilisateur permet à l'utilisateur d'éditer et de modifier les articles des utilisateur ayant un niveau inférieur à son propre niveau. Certain utilisateurs peuvent également ajouter, supprimer, modifier et changer le niveau d'utilisateur des autres utilisateurs à un niveau moins élevé. Pour finir, tous les visiteurs qui s'enregistrent et se connectent au blog sont appelés utilisateurs.

L'utilisateur qui a le niveau 10 est l'administrateur et est référencé en tant que admin dans cet article. Lors de l'installation de Wordpress (installation process), l'étape 5 (install script) crée automatiquement l' admin et lui donne le niveau 10. Normalement, seul un utilisateur possède le niveau 10 à partir du moment ou ce niveau donne un contrôle absolu sur les autres utilisateurs.

Gestion des Utilisateurs

Attention -- Augmenter le niveau d'un utilisateur lui donne plus de possibilités et l'accès à d'avantage de fonctions. On doit donc changer le niveau des utilisateurs avec prudence et se méfier des nouvelles possibilités accordées.

Gestion des Utilisateurs considérés comme des "Utilisateurs Admin"

The admin user (User Level 10) will see every user in a WordPress blog listed in the Authors and Registered Users sections of Administration > Users >Authors and Users Panel. The admin user can add, edit, delete, promote, and demote any user.

In the Authors section, each user has a value in the Level column ranging from 1 to 10. Except for users with User Levels 9 or 10, each user will have a minus sign (-) in front of their User Level and a plus sign (+) after their User Level. A user is demoted one User Level when the minus sign (-) is clicked; and, they are promoted one User Level when the plus sign (+) is clicked.

A user with User Level 9 will not display a plus sign (+) because one cannot promote a user beyond User Level 9. The User Level 10 user shows neither a minus nor a plus sign; that user cannot be promoted or demoted!

When a user with a User Level 1 is demoted, that user is moved from the Authors section down to the Registered Users section. Note: If you wish to delete a user listed in the Authors section, you must demote them to User Level 0 so they get moved down to the Registered Users section where they can be deleted.

Below the Authors section is the Registered Users section. All the users listed in the Registered Users section are User Level 0. Visitors to a blog that choose to register are automatically assigned User Level 0. Each user listed in this section has a Promote choice under the Level column. When Registered Users are Promoted, their User Levels are increased to User Level 1; and, they are moved up to the Authors section. Also, only User Level 0 users can be deleted. So, if a Level 5 user needs to be deleted, that user needs to be demoted down to User Level 0 before they can be deleted.

Gestion des Niveaux d'Utilisateurs 6 à 9

A user possessing User Level 6 to 9 can promote, demote, and edit both Authors and Registered Users as long as the other users are at least one User Level lower than the user doing the promoting or demoting. User Level 7 allows a user to promote or demote users with a User Level of 6 or below; but, User Level 7 cannot change users possessing a User Level 8 or higher. Also, User Levels 6 to 9 are granted the ability to add and delete users.

Gestion du Niveau d'Utilisateur 5

User Level 5 authority can promote, demote, and edit only Authors of a lower User Level. A User Level 5 can add a new user but cannot promote, edit, or delete Registered Users (those users with User Level 0).

Les Niveaux d'Utilisateurs de 0 à 4 ne peuvent pas administrer les autres utilisateurs

User Levels 0 to 4 have no ability to manage others since the Authors and Users Panel is not available to them.

Capacités des Niveaux d'Utilisateurs

In the following sections, the Administration Panels and SubPanels accessible to a user of a given User Level are shown. New capabilities available starting at a specific User Level are highlighted in green and are detailed at the end of each User Level section.

Again, the general principle is that a given User Level allows the user to edit or modify postings for users that are at a "lower" User Level than themselves. Visitors that elect to register are automatically assigned User Level 0, 1, or 2, based on how the Administration > Settings > Writing Newly registered members field is set.

Note sur l'Upload

The Upload option is not listed until User Level 6, but that option could be available beginning at User Level 1 depending on the Administration > Settings > Miscellaneous Panel setting in the Minimum level to upload field.

Niveau d'Utilisateur 0

  • Dashboard
  • Users
    • Your Profile

New capabilities allowed at this Level:

The lowest User Level is simply allowed to login, view the Dashboard, and edit their own profile. That's it!

Niveau d'Utilisateur 1

  • Dashboard
  • Write
  • Manage
    • Posts - Can edit and delete only their own Drafts and view other posts.
    • Categories - View only
    • Comments - View only including commentor's IP addresses
    • Awaiting Moderation - Can only see the number of comments awaiting moderation. Cannot moderate.
  • Users
    • Your Profile

New capabilities allowed at this Level:

Users can submit Draft Posts for approval, as well as edit and delete their Drafts. Once a post is published by higher Level user, that post is not available for editing by the original User Level 1 author. In addition, this level is allowed to view other posts, Categories, and comments (including the commentor's IP address).

Niveau d'Utilisateur 2

  • Dashboard
  • Write
    • Write Post
  • Manage
    • Posts
    • Categories - View only
    • Comments - View only including commentor's IP addresses
    • Awaiting Moderation - Can only see the number of comments awaiting moderation.
  • Users
    • Your Profile

New capabilities allowed at this level:

At this Level, users can write Posts (Publish/Draft/Private) as well as edit, delete, and publish drafts from User Level 1 writers.

Niveau d'Utilisateur 3

  • Dashboard
  • Write
    • Write Post
  • Manage
    • Posts
    • Categories - View only
    • Comments - View only including commentor's IP addresses
    • Awaiting Moderation - Can only see the number of comments awaiting moderation.
  • Users
    • Your Profile

New capabilities allowed at this level:

The list of capabilities for User Level 3 is similar to User Level 2 except that User Level 3 is allowed to edit and delete posts written by both lower level users.

Niveau d'Utilisateur 4

  • Dashboard
  • Write
    • Write Post
  • Manage
    • Posts
    • Categories - Can add, edit, and delete.
    • Comments
    • Awaiting Moderation - Can moderate
  • Users
    • Your Profile

New capabilities allowed at this level:

A User Level 4 user is allowed to add, edit, and delete Categories, as well as moderate comments.

Niveau d'Utilisateur 5

  • Dashboard
  • Write
    • Write Post
    • Write Page
  • Manage
    • Posts - Can edit timestamps
    • Pages - Only those Pages written by the user
    • Categories
    • Comments
    • Awaiting Moderation
  • Links
    • Manage Links - Can only edit and delete the user's own links
    • Add Links
    • Link Categories - Can add, edit, and delete any Link Category
    • Import Links
  • Users
    • Your Profile
    • Authors & Users - Can see basic information on all Authors & Users; and, can edit, promote, and demote, users of lower Levels except User Level 0.

New capabilities allowed at this level:

Beginning with this Level, the timestamp on posts eligible for editing is visible and changeable. A number of other abilities are allowed for the User Level 5 user, including being able to add, edit, and delete Pages and Links they've created. Also, this User Level can add, change, and delete any Link Category and can Import Links. Finally, User Level 5 allows the user to see the basic information on all Authors & Users, edit the information on users of a lower User Levels except User Level 0, and promote and demote users in lower User Levels, except User Level 0.

Niveau d'Utilisateur 6

  • Dashboard
  • Write
    • Write Post
    • Write Page
  • Manage
    • Posts
    • Pages - Can edit and delete those Pages written by the user and those of lower level (User Level 5) authors
    • Categories
    • Comments
    • Awaiting Moderation
  • Links
    • Manage Links - Can edit or delete the user's own Links and those of lower level (User Level 5) users
    • Add Links
    • Link Categories
    • Import Links
  • Users
    • Your Profile
    • Authors & Users - Can see basic information on all Authors & Users; and, can edit, promote, and demote, users of lower Levels. Can also delete User Level 0 users.
  • Options
    • General
    • Writing
    • Reading
    • Discussion
    • Permalinks
    • Miscellaneous
  • Upload - Assumes Administration > Settings > Miscellaneous Panel Minimum level to upload is set at Level 6.

New capabilities allowed at this level:

User Level 6 is allowed to edit or delete the Pages and Links created by User Level 5 authors, and can delete User Level 0 users. At this Level, all Settings Panels can be viewed and changed, plus, files can be uploaded if the Administration > Settings > Miscellaneous Panel Minimum level to upload field is set at 6.

Niveau d'Utilisateur 7

  • Dashboard
  • Write
    • Write Post
    • Write Page
  • Manage
    • Posts
    • Pages - Can edit and delete those Pages written by the user and those of lower levels
    • Categories.
    • Comments
    • Awaiting Moderation
  • Links
    • Manage Links - Can edit or delete the user's own Links and those of lower level users
    • Add Links
    • Link Categories
    • Import Links
  • Presentation
    • Themes
    • Theme Editor
  • Plugins
    • Plugins
    • Plugin Editor
  • Users
    • Your Profile
    • Authors & Users - Can see basic information on all Authors & Users; and, can edit, promote, and demote, users of lower Levels.
  • Options
    • General
    • Writing
    • Reading
    • Discussion
    • Permalinks
    • Miscellaneous
  • Upload (see Note about Upload)

New capabilities allowed at this level:

The list of capabilities for User Level 7 match those of User Level 6 but of course this level allows editing and deleting of Posts, Pages, and Links of users at or below User Level 6. Also, Authors & Users at or below User Level 6 can be edited, deleted, promoted, and demoted.

Niveau d'Utilisateur 8

  • Write
    • Write Post Can change Post Author
    • Write Page
  • Manage
    • Posts
    • Pages - Can edit and delete those Pages written by the user and those of lower levels
    • Categories.
    • Comments
    • Awaiting Moderation
  • Links
    • Manage Links - Can edit or delete the user's own Links and those of lower level users
    • Add Links
    • Link Categories
    • Import Links
  • Presentation
    • Themes
    • Theme Editor
  • Plugins
    • Plugins
    • Plugin Editor
  • Users
    • Your Profile
    • Authors & Users - Can see basic information on all Users. Can see and edit all information on Users of lower User Level.
  • Options
    • General
    • Writing
    • Reading
    • Discussion
    • Permalinks
    • Miscellaneous
  • Upload (see Note about Upload)

New capabilities allowed at this level:

User Level 8 is allowed to activate Themes, use the Theme Editor to edit Templates, activate or deactive Plugins, use the Plugin Editor to edit Plugin files, and can change a Post's Author.

Niveaux d'Utilisateurs 9 and 10

The list of capabilities for User Levels 9 and 10 match those of User Level 8 but as usual, these levels can only edit and delete Posts, Pages, and Links of lower level authors. Also, Authors & Users at a lower User Level can be edited, deleted, promoted, and demoted. And, of course, the admin user is the only account with User Level 10.

User Level Capability Table

</tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr> </tr>
User Level Capabilites in WordPress 1.5 and higher
  • A blank cell means the capabilitiy is not even available to a particular User Level.
  • A "-" means the User Level has the capability, but only part of the functionality.
  • A "+" means the User Level has the capability, but can only affect their own objects (such as Posts) or objects of lower User Levels.
  • A "x" means that the user has full functionality available for that menu item.
User Level:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Dashboard
----- xxxxxxxxxxx
Write
-----Write Post  -xxxxxxxxx
-----Write Page      xxxxxx
Manage
-----Posts  -++++++++x
-----Pages      +++++x
-----Categories  ---xxxxxxx
-----Comments  xxxxxxxxxx
-----Awaiting Moderation  ---xxxxxxx
Links
-----Manage Links      +++++x
-----Add Links      xxxxxx
-----Link Categories      xxxxxx
-----Import Links      xxxxxx
Presentation
-----Themes         xxx
-----Theme Editor         xxx
Plugins
-----Plugins         xxx
-----Plugin Editor         xxx
Users
-----Your Profile xxxxxxxxxxx
-----Authors and Users      -++++x
Options
-----General       xxxxx
-----Writing       xxxxx
-----Reading       xxxxx
-----Discussion       xxxxx
-----Permalinks       xxxxx
-----Miscellaneous       xxxxx
Upload
-----(only if enabled)  xxxxxxxxxx
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10




Gestion des Capacités des Niveaux d'Utilisateurs pour WordPress 1.2

Note: The following are the user levels for WordPress versions prior to 1.5. They may vary with the version.

Niveau d'Utilisateur 0

  • menu = * My Profile * View site * Logout
  • Can login
  • Can see existing posts.
  • Own posts have (non-functioning) edit/delete buttons
  • Can edit own profile.

Niveau d'Utilisateur 1

  • menu = * Post / Edit * My Profile * View site * Logout
  • Can post.
  • Can edit/delete own posts.
  • Can edit/delete comments on own posts

Niveau d'Utilisateur 2

  • menu = * Post / Edit * My Profile * View site * Logout
  • can promote/demote/delete lesser team member in the range 0 - (your level - 1)

Niveau d'Utilisateur 3

  • menu = * Post / Edit * Team * Options * Categories * Template * My Profile * View site * Logout
  • cannot edit the template
  • can add/edit/delete categories
  • cannot edit options
  • cannot see team members login name!

Niveau d'Utilisateur 4

  • menu = * Post / Edit * Team * Options * Categories * Template * My Profile * View site * Logout
  • can see team members login name!
  • can edit options
  • can edit template

Niveau d'Utilisateur 5

  • menu = * Post / Edit * Team * Options * Categories * Template * Manage Links * My Profile * View site * Logout
  • Can edit timestamps
  • can edit links (default value)

Return to: Registered User Features